Presentation of the Transnational Radical Party


The Transnational Radical Party (TRP) a nonviolent political international organization is the evolution of an Italian electoral party called Radical Party, which in the late 1980s decided to withdraw from the national political scene to pursue global goals y seeking the support of everyday citizens and politicians alike regardless of their nationality and/or political affiliation.

Among TRP's major campaigns of the last 20 years, the increase of international aid for dozens of African states facing starvation in the 1980s, the abolition of the death penalty and the calling for the establishment of a universal moratorium at the UN General Assembly, the creation of the ad hoc Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwands, the establishment of an International Criminal Court, the indictment of Slobodan Milosevic for his role in the conflict in Kosovo, the creation of a World Organization for Democracy and of Democracies, a radical revision of the current prohibitionist regime on narcotic substances.

In 1995, the TRP was awarded a consultative status with the UN Economic and Social Council; during its 11-year presence at the UN, the TRP has accredited scores of individuals and organizations to the Commission on Human Rights allowing them to be finally represented within the United Nations and to present their cases before diplomats, the international press and Non-Governmental organizations. For these reasons, in 2000 and again in 2002-4, the TRP was at the center of a "trial' at the UN Committee on NGOs triggered first by the Russian Federation and then by Vietnam that lead the ECOSOC to vote twice to confirm TRP's good standing within ECOSOC.

The TRP is a self-funded organization open to all, its annual fees are 200 $ or Euros for individuals living in North America and the European Union, but it varies according to other countries GDP. Its latest congress, the 38th, was held in Tirana, Albania, in November 2002; on that occasion 25 members of its General Council were elected, the remaining 25 will be elected at the next meeting of the General Council scheduled for December 2006 among the 120 parliamentarians of different countries and political parties joined the TRP for the current year. The December meeting should also change the name of the organization to stress its "nonviolent" connotation and launch a world Satyagraha for peace in the Middle-East. To announce your presence at the meeting or to support the Satyagraha please visit www.radicalparty.org or email radical.party@radicalparty.org.

The members of the General Council

Wei Jingsheng is an activist in the Chinese democracy movement, most prominent for authoring the document, Fifth Modernization. Although they could not bring any formal charges against him for his attacks on the Communist system, the government exaggerated his correspondence with foreigners about the Chinese-Vietnamese War and charged him with treason. He stayed in prison until September 14th 1993 when he was released because the PRC wanted to show their new openness before the International Olympic Committee. The Olympics were a huge event for Chinese nationalism and when they lost their bid to Sydney Australia the country was deflated. Wei, once again looked at as a scapegoat, was thrown in jail once more after China lost the Olympic bid. Charged with plotting against the state he was to remain in jail until November 16, 1997 when he was released for “medical reasons” and promptly deported to the United States. He was sent to the United States due to international pressure, especially the request by then US President, Bill Clinton. In 1996, Wei Jingsheng was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Wei Jingsheng is a winner of numerous other human rights and democracy awards, including the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Human Rights Award in 1996, the National Endowment for Democracy Award in 1997, the Olof Palme Memorial Prize in 1994, and the International Activist Award by the Gleitsman Foundation, etc. He has been praised in numerous places with varies titles, such as "Father of Chinese Democracy" and "Nelson Mandela of China". Thousands of entries about him can be found on the Internet in various languages.

Umar Khanbiev was born in 1955 in Kyrgyzstan where his parents live in exile. In 1960 the family returned to Chechnya.In 1979 he specialised in medical surgery. In 1995, during the first war in Chechnya, he became Mister of Health of the government of the independence movement. During the four months of the siege of Grozny, from October 1999 to January 2000, first in his hospital (Grozny 2nd Maternity), then in cellars or makeshift shelters, he conducted 5003 operations, many of which amputations. The 2 February 2000 he was arrested by Russian forces, tortured, and liberated after fifteen days. He lives in hiding, not far from Chechnya. Today he is one of the most important Chechen figures in exile.

Vo Van Ai is the founder and President of Quê Me : Action for Democracy in Vietnam, and editor of Quê Me (Homeland), a Vietnamese-language magazine on democracy, human rights and culture published in Paris since 1976. The magazine circulates in Vietnamese communities around the world and clandestinely in Vietnam. Vo Van Ai is also founder and President of the Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, a Paris-based monitoring organisation established in 1976, and Vice-President for Asia of the Paris-based International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH). He is also Director of the International Buddhist Information Bureau, and Overseas Spokesman of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam. Born in Central Vietnam in 1938, Vo Van Ai was first arrested at the age of 11 for his activities in the Vietnamese resistance movement for independence. In 1964, he became overseas representative of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV) and actively promoted the Buddhist nonviolent movement for peace and democracy. After the end of the Vietnam war in 1975, he continued to monitor human rights abuses and violations of religious freedom in Vietnam. He played a key role in calling world attention to the plight of prisoners of conscience, and drew up the first map of re-education camps in the North and South. In 1978 he helped to launch the "Ile de Lumiere", the first rescue ship to save boat people in the South China sea. He makes regular reports to the UN Commission on Human Rights in Geneva on the status of human rights and religious freedom. In 1998, he worked closely with Mr Abdelfattah Amor, UN Special Rapporteur on Religious Intolerance, to prepare his visit to Vietnam. He also wages international campaigns to mobilise support for the release of prisoners of conscience and to promote democracy in Vietnam. A member of the Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Vo Van Ai has contributed to several key international studies on religion e.g. “Freedom of Religion and belief : a World Report”, Routlege Press, 1997 ; “Religious Freedom in the World : a global report on freedom and persecution”, Center for Religious Freedom, Freedom House, 2000 ; “Human Rights and Asian Values”, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, “Democracy in Asia” series, Curzon Press, 2000. He has testified at several US Congressional Hearings on religious freedom in Vietnam. Vo Van Ai is also well known as a writer and historian. He specialises in the history and philosophy of Vietnamese Buddhism, and has written and lectured extensively on this subject in Europe, Asia and the USA. In addition to numerous reports on human rights and essays on democracy, his written works include 17 books of poetry, essays and philosophy, as well as studies on Buddhism and Vietnamese history.

Olivia Ratti was born in Lecco on 1 May 1951. She graduated in law at the University of Milan and joined the Radical Party in 1977. In 1982 she took up the post of Secretary of the Radical Party in Lecco, a post which she held until 1986 when, upon the arrest in Belgium of Olivier Dupuis, currently a Radical Member of the European Parliament, for being a conscientious objector, she transferred to Brussels. From 1986 to 1989 she was an assistant at the European Parliament, working with the Radical Members of the European Parliament Marco Pannella, Emma Bonino, Roberto Cicciomessere and Giovanni Negri. From 1989 to 1994 she worked with the Green Group in the European Parliament, specifically with Alexander Langer, Adelaide Aglietta and Marco Taradash. She was especially committed to the struggle for the “Spinelli” and federalism reform of Union Institutions, on themes of foreign policy and in particular on the abolition of the death penalty, on the International Criminal Court, on the battle for the protection of human rights in China and in Tibet and on the Balkan question. From September 1994 to June 1999, she held the office of General Secretary of the ARE Group (European Radical Alliance), of which Marco Pannella, Gianfranco Dell'Alba and Olivier Dupuis were members, as well as the French Radicals from the “Radicaux de Gauche” Movement, led by Jean François Hory and Bernard Tapie. She was a co-founder of the radical Association, Hands off Cain, which fights for a universal moratorium on capital executions and from 1993, the year the association was founded, until 2003, she held the post of Treasurer. She was a candidate in the Radical lists for the first time in 1979, and in all subsequent national elections. In 1996 she was a candidate in the “Pannella-Sgarbi List” in Constituency 35 of Lombardy for the election of the Senate of the Republic. In 1999 she was a candidate for the European elections in the “Bonino List” in the North-West ward and was the highest voted of the non-elected candidates. 
In 2001 she was a candidate in the “Bonino List” in Constituency 35 of Lombardy for the election of the Senate of the Republic. Since 1 March 2003 she has held the position of General Director for Relations with political Groups at the European Parliament.

Kok Ksor, a Montagnard from the Jarai tribe, was born on February 26th, 1944 at Bon Broai village, Ceo-Reo district, Pleiku province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. In school, his sixth grade teacher was a representative of Bajaraka for all the Montagnard students and teachers in the country; in 1958, at fourteen years of age, he joined the Bajaraka movement. Five years later, in 1964, Kok left his home in the highlands to journey to Cambodia in order to join the FULRO Organization. When he met with General Y’Bham Enuol, the leader of the FULRO movement, Mr. Enuol appointed him as representative of the Jarai tribe in the areas of Pleiku and Ceo-Reo. During the next several years, Kok Ksor also served with the United States Military. He worked with the 4th Infantry Division stationed in Pleiku and with the 5th US Special Forces troop throughout the Central Highlands. Ksor was wounded while serving the 4th infantry and was later captured by NVA during the Tet Offensive of 1968. When Prince Norodom Sihanouk was overthrown in 1970, all of the FULRO forces in Cambodia were drafted into the armed forces of the Khmer Republic led by General Lon Nol. For this reason, FULRO was effectively immobilized from 1970 until 1973. Between the years of 1971 and 1974, General Lon Nol, President of Cambodia, sent Kok Ksor to attend US Intelligence Officers School in Okinawa and also Transportation Officer Training in the United States. While living in the United States, General Enuol, FULRO leader, assigned Kok Ksor as his personal representative to the United States Government and the United Nations. General Enuol granted Mr. Ksor full authority to represent FULRO affairs regarding the plight of the Montagnard people. One year after FULRO had been resumed, in 1974, General Enuol appointed Kok Ksor as FULRO Chief of Staff. 
Kok Ksor is the only survivor of the original FULRO leadership and is the only leader officially appointed to represent the indigenous people known as the Montagnards in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Although after the executions he was unable to return to the Central Highlands of Vietnam, he continued the advocacy for the respect of human rights for the Montagnard people. He remained in the United States and began the work of fighting for Montagnard unification and human rights through the Montagnard Foundation, a nonviolent and peaceful advocacy group, which he established at the beginning of the 90s.
Mr. Ksor has attended the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Peoples almost every year since 1993, and has given numerous presentations before US Veterans Organizations, Educational Institutions, etc. Mr. Ksor also had the honor to speak at the Vietnam War Memorial in 1995 alongside General Smith, General Vang Pao, and former CIA director William Colby. 
In August 2001, after the peaceful demonstrations held in the Central Highlands of Vietnam and which were attended by dozens of thousand of Montagnards, to call for the respect of religious freedom, the restitution of confiscated lands and the respect of human rights, Kok Ksor took the floor on behalf of the Transnational Radical Party at the UN Sub-Commission on human rights.
In April 2002 and 2003, Kok Ksor took the floor at the UN Commission on Human Rights in Geneva on behalf of the Transnational Radical Party. In October 2002, Kok Ksor attended two Parliamentary hearings on the respect of religious freedom at the Italian Senate and Chamber of Deputies. On May 9, 2003, Kok Ksor took the floor during the celebration of the Human Rights Day held at the US Senate. In July 2003, Mr. Ksor held official meetings with the President of the Italian Sentae, Hon. Marcello Pera, the Presidente of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, Hon. Pierferdinando Casini, the President of Lombardy Mr. Roberto Formigoni and with MPs belonging to different political groupings. President of the Montagnard Foundation
www.montagnard-foundation.org Bajaraka is the designated term identifying the first Montagnard uprising. Entirely peaceful, this movement sought to achieve Montagnard unification and independence. The name Bajaraka is derived from the combination of the first two letters of the four largest Degar tribes, Banhnar, Jarai, Koho, Rhade. FULRO is a continuation and reorganization of the defeated movement known as Bajaraka. The agenda of Montagnard Unification and Independence remained the same in both movements, although FULRO was more of a military uprising.

Matteo Mecacci 31, member of the Transnational Radical Party (TRP) since 1998, he graduated in International Law at the University of Florence in July 2001 with a thesis on the relationship between the UN Security Council and the International Criminal Court. During 1999 and 2000 he was a political and legal adviser of the delegation of the TRP at the United Nations in New York where, before the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations and the Economic and Social Council contributed to defeat a formal complaint lodged by the Russian Federation to expel the TRP from the UN system www.radicalparty.org/onucase.1.htm. In spring 1999, he was among the founders of the "Comitato di Coordinamento dei Radicali per la Rivoluzione Liberale e gli Stati Uniti d'Europa", which later led to the the organization of the Presidential Campaign of Emma Bonino, and to the presentation of Bonino’s list to the Eu elections and the "Comitato Promotore" of the Summer '99 referendum campaign, www.radicali.it. In spring 2000 he was candidate for “Lista Bonino” to the Regional Council in Tuscany. In Spring 2001 he founded the bi-weekly www.disobbedisco.com to publicly disobey and organize a campaign against a new law passed by the Italian Parliament that restricted electronic editorial activities. The law was subsequently amended by the Italian Parliament. Since September 2001 he has been working in New York as a legal and political adviser of the organization “No Peace without Justice” for its campaign for the worldwide ratification and implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, and has been one of the TRP’s Representatives to the UN, working in particular on the Campaign for a “World Democracy Oraganization http://servizi.radicalparty.org./globalization/, and on the campaign to promote freedom and democracy in Vietnam http://coranet.radicalparty.org/vietnam/index.php. On November 3, 2002, at the second session of the 38th Congress of the TRP in Tirana (Albania), he was elected member of the General Council of the TRP. From 9 to 12 November 2002, he was one of the members of the TRP delegation that participated in the 2nd non-governmental forum of the Community of Democracies in Seoul. On November 25 and 26, 2002 he attended at the UN office in Geneva a Seminar organized by the OHCHR office on the “Interdependence between Democracy and Human Rights”. In April 2003, he participated in the session of the UN Commission on Human Rights in Geneva coorganizing on behalf of the TRP an NGO briefing in cooperation with Freedom House and the Democracy Coalition Project on the” International cooperation for the promotion of Democracy”, which was attended, among other by the head of the US delegation to the UN Commission, Ambassador Kirkpatrick, and the Member of the European Parliament Hon.Marco Pannella. In Spring 2003, has been among the promoters, on behalf of the Transnational Radical Party, of the creation of an NGO Steering Group for the establishment of a Democracy Group at the United Nations, which would include the democratic countries participating in the Community of Democracies’ process. Among the members of the NGO Steering Group are organization such as Freedom House, OSI, Human Rights Watch, Council for a Community of Democracy, Democracy Coalition Project and the Transnational Radical Party.
In September 2003, he attended the Fifth International Conference of New and Restored Democracies in Mongolia and, in addition to participate in the NGO forum, he was also accredited to the Governmental Conference as an official member of the Italian delegation.

Sergio D’Elia was elected to the Italian Parliamenton April 2006 with the Rose in the Fist Party. In the 1970s, he took part first in the extraparliamentary leftwing movement and then in the “armed struggle”. He was arrested in May 1979 and finished serving his prison sentence in 1991. He joined the Radical Party in 1986 together with 30 other political prisoners in the Rebibbia Prison. In January 1987, thanks to a permit, he took part in the Radical Party congress where he symbolically “consigned” the dissolved Front Line, the violent organisation of which he was a member, to the party of non-violence. At the same congress he was elected member of the R.P. secretariat. Sergio D’Elia is currently the secretary of Hands Off Cain, an international league of citizens and Members of Parliament for a universal moratorium on capital executions, supported by political and cultural personalities at an international level. He founded the league in 1993 together with Mariateresa Di Lascia, his partner and Radical Member of Parliament, who won the Strega Prize in 1995 with the novel “Passaggio in ombra”, published by Feltrinelli after his death in 1994. Under his secretaryship, Hands Off Cain has promoted initiatives on emblematic cases: Pietro Venezia, Joseph O’Dell, Karla Tucker, Rocco Barnebei; the international marches to St. Peter’s in ’94, ’95 and ’98, the international conferences in Tunis, Moscow, New York and Geneva. In 1994 he promoted the submission, for the first time, to the General Assembly of the United Nations, of the Resolution on the moratorium of executions, which was debated and beaten by a few votes. From ’97 to 2003, he has promoted the submission of the resolution for the moratorium on executions to the Commission for human rights of the United Nations in Geneva, which has approved it in all sessions. Sergio D’Elia has made visits to death rows in the United States, in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in Kenya. His speeches have been published by the weekly magazines, Panorama, Espresso and Liberal. His actions and interviews have been published by leading Italian and foreign newspapers. Since 1998 he has collaborated on the drawing up of Hands Off Cain’s annual report on the death penalty in the world, edited by Marsilio. As part of his lobbying activity he has promoted and taken part in missions of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies to countries enforcing the death penalty: the Philippines, El Salvador, Guatemala, Cuba, the Caribbean, Kirghizistan, Uzbekistan, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya and Zambia. He has taken part in international forums on the question of the death penalty and has promoted meetings and debates in Italy, also on the more general theme of prisons and punishment, in particular on the situation of “hard prisons” about which he has written, together with Maurizio Turco, in the investigative book “Tortura Democratica” (Democratic Torture). He is currently co-ordinating the international campaign for approval of the resolution for the moratorium of executions on the part of the UN General Assembly.

Mr. Marino Busdachin was born in Umago (Istria, Croatia) in 1956. He arrived as a refugee in Italy in 1961. Education : Law University in Trieste. During the 70’s he campaigned for civil rights in Italy mainly focussing on the rights to conscience objection, divorce and abortion. He was an active participant, well known in the political Italian scene. In 1974 he was elected for the first time, member of the Federal Council of the Radical Party. Between 1978 and 1982 he was elected member of the City Council of Trieste. During the 80’s he was one of the most active promoters of international campaigns in support of the respect of human, civil and political rights in Eastern Europe and Soviet Union. He was arrested in Bulgaria (1982) and in the Soviet Union (1989). He lead and coordinated the Transnational Radical Party (TRP) activities in the former Yugoslavia (1991-1993) and in the Soviet Union (1989-1993). As of 1993 he worked in the United States on international campaigns for the establishment of the ad hoc tribunals on war crimes in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and on the campaign for a moratorium on the death penalty at the United Nations. He was the coordinator for TRP activities in the United States from 1993 until 1998. In 1995 he led the initiative of the TRP to be recognized by the UN as an NGO on first category. He was the founder and General Secretary of the NGO “Non c’e’ Pace Senza Giustizia” in Italy (1994-1999) as well as founder and President of No Peace Without Justice USA (1995-2000). Both of the organizations were considered more effective NGO’s, campaigning for the establishment of an International Criminal Court. At the United Nations Diplomatic Conference on ICC in 1998, Rome, he was invited to take the floor representing Civil Society. From 1995 until 2000 he was UN representative in Geneva, New York and Vienna. Mr. Busdachin was a member of the Extraordinary Executive Board of TRP (2000-2002). Currently he is member of the General Council of the Transnational Radical Party. On 1 July 2003 Mr. Busdachin was appointed Executive Director of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).

Mariacarmen Colitti, 33 years old, graduated in International Political Sciences and earned an MA from the Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies in Malta. Since 1998 she has been the legal adviser of No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ). In the framework of the NPWJ campaign for the world-wide ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, she helped organize regional conferences in Africa, the Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and South East Asia. At the United Nations in New York she coordinated the judicial assistance program, the provision of pro-bono legal advisers to small government delegations, firstly during the negotiations of the Preparatory Commission, and subsequently during the Assembly of States Parties of the International Criminal Court. In November 2002 she was member of the Radical delegation at the meeting of the Community of Democracies in Seoul. On the occasion of the second session of the 38th Congress, of the Transnational Radical Party in Tirana, she prepared the document "Approaches and options: global compliance of democracy", together with Professor Ahmed Ziauddin, Olivier Dupuis, and Matteo Mecacci. In 2000 she was part of the team led by Marco Perduca for the defence of the Transnational Radical Party at the Economic and Social Council, which subsequently rejected the motion for the expulsion of the TRP from the UN system.

Zeynal Ibrahimov, was born on 29 March 1965 in Baku (Azerbaijan). Currently is a freelance journalist, he also worked as editor of political programs for state television and radio. He has been a Party member since 1990.

Marco Perduca, conscientious objector, TRP member since 1993, is the Executive Director of the revived International Antiprohibitionist League (www.antiprohibitionist.org)- for which he coordinates an international campaign to promote a reform of the UN Conventions on Drugs and since summer 1996, he represents the Transnational Radical Party to the United Nations. In this capacity, he headed the TRP delegation before the Committee on NGOs and the Economic and Social Council that defeated a formal complaint (www.radicalparty.org/onucase.1.htm) lodged by the Russian Federation to expel the TRP from the UN system. From 1995 to 1996 he was member of the General Council of the "Pannella's Club Movement". In 1997/1998 he acted as the International Criminal Court (ICC) Campaign Coordinator for the Americas of No Peace Without Justice (www.npwj.org). In June-July '98, at the Rome Diplomatic Conference on the ICC, he was the editor in chief of "Notizie Radicali", a daily news agency on the negotiations at the FAO building covering also the Conference for Radio Radicale (www.radioradicale.it). From October 1998 to 2003, he coordinated the NWPJ "Ratification Now!" campaign at the UN. In Autumn 1998, he also coordinated and participated in a fact-finding mission carried out by NPWJ in the Balkans to document (www.npwj.org/article.php?sid=201) the political responsibilities of the Yugoslav and Serbian leadership in the campaign against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo. In Spring 1999, he was among the founders of the "Comitato di Coordinamento dei Radicali per la Rivoluzione Liberale e gli Stati Uniti d'Europa" and acted as the chief press officer for the Presidential Campaign (www.emmaforpresident.it) of Emma Bonino, the Lista Bonino for the European elections and the "Comitato Promotore"(www.radicali.it) of the Summer '99 referendum campaign. From May to September 1999, together with Daniele Capezzone, he hosted a radio program on the Radical activities at Radio Radicale. In April 2002, at the 1st session of the 38th Congress of the TRP in Geneva, he was elected President of the TRP General Council and remained in charge until the 2nd session in November 2002.In November 2002 he was member of the TRP delegation to the Non-Governmental Forum of the Community of Democracies. He graduated in North American literature at the University of Florence in 1993. In 1995, he joined for two years a Ph.D. program in Pisa. He also studied in Germany, the United States and Great Britain. He now works as consultant at the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Marina Sikora, born in Zagreb, Croatia, 12 April 1959. In 1982, she graduated at the Zagreb Philosophy University with a degree in Italian language and literature and comparative literature. In 1992, while in Budapest, she joined the Transnational Radical Party. Her fist assignment was to represent TRP in Poland, afterwards and presently she coordinates TRP's activities in Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Austria and other central-European countries. In 1997 she was elected vice-president of the croatian association of the Transnational Radical Party (TRS). Since 1995, she is acting as TRP Representative to the United Nations in Vienna and Geneva, following the works of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna and those of the Commission on Human Rights in Geneva. Presently, she is also Adviser to the Embassy of Perù based in Budapest for Croatia.

Khadidiatou Koïta, born in Senegal, is the Liaison Officer for the STOP FGM campaign at the No Peace without Justice Association (NPWJ) in the European Parliament in Brussels for the Association for the development of women (AIDOS-Italy). Since 2000, she has been the President of the European Network for the prevention of PTN FGM (Female Genitals Mutilation). She has been the President of the National Association of the Relais women and an intercultural mediator for eight years (1988-1996). Since 1990, she has been a trainer of the GAMS (French Section of the Inter-African Committee) in Paris - an activity aimed at training social and medical-social professionals on the traditional practices affecting the health of women and children – and, at the same time, she is a Lecturer and an Advisor in talks, national and international debates on matters connected with the traditional practices and the integration of immigrants from black Africa. Between 1986 and 1994, she has occupied several positions: cultural interpreter, intercultural mediator, and mission delegate in France.
She has a University degree of general studies (DEUG) in Sociology, University of Paris 8-Paris.

Arnold S. Trebach, J.D., Ph.D., is the founder, chairman of the board of directors, and chief executive officer of The Trebach Institute. In the 1960s he took the lead in creating the University Research Corporation, a profit-making consulting firm which had several nonprofit corporations affiliated with it. During the early 70s, he created The Institutes for Justice Leadership at American University; the institutes provided a mix of practical and theoretical education for professionals involved in the process of criminal justice. He personally led The Institute on Drugs, Crime and Justice, an international seminar on drug treatment and policy, from 1974 to 1998. He founded the nonprofit Drug Policy Foundation in 1986 and served as its first chairman and president until 1997. DPF has been recognized as one of the leading forces for rational drug policy reform in the world. He retired from the University, where he now holds the rank of professor emeritus, and also from the foundation at the end of 1997. He is, actually, President of the International Antiprohibitions League. He was born on May 15, 1928 in Lowell, Massachussetts, is married to Marjorie A. Rosner, and has three sons and four grandsons. ("http://www.trebach.org" www.trebach.org)

Enver Can. Born in Gulja city (Ili region) in East Turkestan on 02.01.1948 as first son of an intellectual father; went to Primary school in the same city, emmigrated to Afghanistan 
In 1961(Intermediate school in Badakhshan, Afghanistan), later to (1967) Turkey, came to Germany in 1975 (to work in Radio Liberty Uyghur Service). After 20 years of service in the Radio Liberty, in 1995 left Radio Liberty voluntarily when it moved to Prague (Chzech Republic) , as Assistant Director of the Usbek Seirvice. While working at the Radio Liberty one Semester Study in U.S., Indiana University (History, Politics and Journalism, in the year of 1986). Vice chairman and later chairman of the East Turkestan Union in Europe during early 90s.East Turkestan Union in Europe is a leading member of the ETNC. President of the ETNC (East Turkestan -- Uyghuristan -- National Congress) since its establishment in October 1999. Married and father of four children.

Penelope Faulkner is Vice-president of Quê Me : Action for Democracy in Vietnam, and Deputy editor of the organization's Vietnamese-language magazine Quê Me (Homeland), a journal on democracy, human rights and culture published in Paris since 1975. She is also Vice-president for International Relations of the Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, a Paris-based monitoring organisation established in 1976, and Chargée de Mission for Vietnam at the International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (FIDH), France's largest and most long-standing human rights organisation. She has actively participated in organizing human rights campaigns, notably the "Ship for Vietnam" campaign launched by Quê Me in 1978, which chartered a rescue ship to save boat people in distress on the South China seas. Ms Faulkner is also International Relations Officer of the International Buddhist Information Bureau, the overseas mouthpiece of the dissident Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam. A specialist in Vietnamese language and literature, Penelope Faulkner has translated Vietnamese poetry and prose and compiled extensive reports on Vietnamese human rights issues, including freedom of religion, worker rights, freedom of the press, the rights of the child, women's rights, freedom of the press etc. She is consultant to journalists, writers and broadcasters on Vietnamese issues (e.g. with British producers David Attenborough and Michael MacIntyre on the production of "Artists in Exile", a BBC television film on the life and culture of Vietnam in the series "Spirit of Asia").
Ms Faulkner writes articles and short stories in Vietnamese under her pen name Y Lan. She is author of a best-selling book of short stories, "Quê Nha" which is in its ninth printing. She also writes and broadcasts in Vietnamese for the BBC Vietnamese Service and the VOA. She is the Paris correspondent for the Vietnamese Service of Radio Free Asia which broadcasts daily to Vietnam.

Marc Daugherty, graduate in Law at the University of Tel Aviv and a Bachelor in International Relations at the University of Boston, he’s an editorial journalist for the Jerusalem Post and foreign correspondent for “Radio Judaica” with an office in Brussels. Producer for Associated Press Television, as well as editorialist for the Boston Daily Free Press. He’s a member of the Council for the integration of Israel in the European Union and of the Association of foreign press in Israel, an organisation that represents foreign journalists. He is also a partner in the legal firm, I.Gornitzky & Co., in Tel Aviv.

Lorenzo Strik Lievers. University lecturer in history, born in 1944, and has always lived in Milan. Member of lay groups in high school student associations, he became a member of the Radical Party (RP) in 1964, taking part in the re-establishment of the Milan section. Since then he has taken an active part in the life and battles of the RP, always as a member of the general council (under its various names adopted over time). He was arrested in 1966, tried, and finally absolved for a poster advocating conscientious objection. Member (1977-’81) of the editorial team of the monthly journal “Argomenti radicali”, in 1983 he became president of the Federal Council of the RP. He was Senator from 1987 to 1992, committed in particular to the themes of international and European politics, and education. Since then his political action has been increasingly characterised by the questions of quality and freedom in schools. In 1994 he was one of the Radical candidates elected to the Chamber of Deputies with the support of the “Pole of Freedom”. Elected in 2000 to the Lombard Regional Council in the “Bonino List”, as president of the Radical council group, he resigned as councillor in 2002. He teaches history and historical didactics in the Faculty of Science in the Bicocca University of Milan.

Vanida S. Thephsouvanh, is President of the Lao Movement for Human Rights and Vice president of the Forum Asie Démocratie. Born in 1945 in Vientiane, Laos, with a degree in history, she wrote several articles pro-democracy and anticorruption for a daily paper of Vientiane from 1973 to 1975. Political refugee in France from 1975, she collaborated, between 1989 and 1991, to the secret training of militants of the democracy as well as to the elaboration of a booklet on the rights of the man to distribute inside Laos through these militant. She wants to hear the voice of its compatriots without voice and without rights inside Laos and she fights against the persecutions of the ethnic minorities, in particular the Hmongs in the special region of Saysomboune, the repression of the religious minorities, the absence of freedom of opinion, expression and manifestation in Laos. Since the last four years, Vanida S. Thephsouvanh is fights so that the five leaders of the student Movement of 26 October 1999, are not forget and come free. She helped six demonstrators of this pacific march to hide in a sure place in Taïlandia and, later on, to obtain the status of refugees and to being received from the United States.


Nikolaj Khramov, born in Moscow 16 April 1963, began his political activity in January 1984 with his involvement in the Moscow Trust Group, a group of antimilitarists, independent of the Soviet authorities. Between June and August 1984, he was expelled from the University of Moscow and from Komsomol – the Communist Youth Union -, as a result of pressure from the KGB. He was arrested 3 times for 15 days, a common practise by the KGB at that time. Between October 1984 and March 1985, he declared his conscientious objection to military service and was arrested for four months, as a prisoner of the KGB he was held in the military prison of Amur, on the border of the People’s Republic of China. He was freed after an intense international campaign. He arrested three more times for fifteen days from 1985 to 1989 while his involvement in the antimilitarist movement continued. In 1986 he received an official warning from the KGB with reference to article 70 of the Penal Code – anti-Soviet propaganda. From 1987 to 1990 he was editor of a semi-clandestine journal – Den’za Dniom (Every Day) – by the antimilitarist movement. In 1989 he joined the Transnational Radical Party for the first time and promoted the creation of the Radical Association “Peace and Freedom”: the first group outside Italy which, at the end of the year, numbered 90 members, mainly in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In 1990 he worked on a first draft of a bill on an alternative civil (as opposed to military) service for the Supreme Soviet of the USSR while promoting a series of events and the collection of signatures for recognition of the right to conscientious objection. From 1991 to 1994, he transferred to Kiev as co-ordinator for the Transnational Radical Party for the Ukraine. From 1993 to 1995 he was a member of the TRP General Council. Since 1995 he has been co-ordinator of the TRP for Russia. In May 1995 he promoted the creation in Moscow of the Radical Antimilitarist Association, of which he was secretary until 2001: at the time this was the only Radical association outside Italy, which, after one year had over 700 members and supporters. From 2001 to 2002 he was member of the Extraordinary Political Board and mainly lives and works in Rome. In October 2001 he took part in civil disobedience in Laos. He was arrested, together with Olivier Dupuis, Bruno Mellano, Silvja Manzi and Massimo Lensi, after having protested in Vientiane for freedom, democracy and national reconciliation in this country. After two weeks in Phontong prison (near the Laotian capital) together with four other radicals, he was tried and expelled from the country. Since 2002 he has been president of the co-ordinating Committee of Russian Radicals.


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