Arms: a new agreement needed


Arms: a new agreement needed

ABSTRACT: On 14 May 1991 the Italian Chamber of Deputies, in an overwhelming majority vote (350 in favour, 9 against, 3 abstentions), approved a motion presented by a wide cross-party group which commits the government to work for the creation of an international system or, failing that, a cartel of producer countries, to prevent the transfer to developing countries of the major systems of conventional arms and, in particular, the means of mass destruction, as well as the technology and the components for their fabrication. The operative part of the law is published below.
(The New Party, n.2, July 1991)


The Chamber commits the Government:
1) to work in all the possible organizations and bodies, especially at the United Nations, for the creation of an international agreement, or of a cartel of producers, to prevent the proliferation of the major conventional arms systems, as well as the technologyand the components necessary for their fabrication. This agreement or cartel, in a way similar to that adopted by the Nuclear Arms Non-Proliferation Treaty, should offer incentives and guarantees of the transfer of civilian technology (with safeguards against the diversion of such technology to military ends), as well as financial aid, to developing countries which desist from acquiring major conventional arms systems and the relative technology. Civilian technology and financial aid should be directed first of all to those developing countries which reduce their military spending and which bring their domestic policies into line with the principles of democracy and strict respect for human rights;
2) to work in all the relevant organizations and bodies for the consequent attribution to the United Nations of the power of control and sanction, if necessary by means of the constitution of an International Tribunal or by means of other suitable instruments, with regard to the major conventional arms systems;
3) to consider the creation of an agreement, or a cartel, against the proliferation of the major conventional arms systems as an intermediate stage towards the aim of complete disarmament in all nations;
4) to work in all the relevant organizations and bodies for the reinforcement of existing agreements against the proliferation of èthe arms of mass destruction, especially in view of the following deadlines: the third conference for the review of the Convention on Bacteriological Arms, to be held in 1991; the fifth and final conference for the review of the Nuclear Arms Non-Proliferation Treaty, to be held in 1995;
5) to work in all the relevant organizations and bodies, above all at the Geneva Disarmament Conference, for the rapid conclusion and signing of the Convention for the Prohibition of the development, production, and detention of Chemical Weapons;
6) to work in all the relevant organizations and bodies, above all at the United Nations, for the creation of a more effective system of control over the exportation of high-technology products for the fabrication of chemical, bacteriological and nuclear weapons;
7) to work in all the relevant organizations and bodies for the beginning of regional negotiations, above all in the Middle East, to be set up along the lines of the CSCE, that is capable of facing and solving the problems of democracy and political rights in the various countries, disarmament, the control of arms, debt, and co-operation in relations between the countries;
8) to report to Parliament within six months on the extent to which the commitments set out above have been fulfilled.