The general motion adopted by the 39th congress of the Nonviolent Radical Party Transnational and Tranparty


The 39th Congress of the Nonviolent Radical Party Transnational and Transparty, summoned in Rome from the 8th to the 11th December 2011
 
 
greets
 
the extraordinary participation of its members, including political representatives, members of Parliament and members of governments, activists of human rights and of democracy coming from over 40 countries all over the world, most of which decided to join the party considering it as a political organisation inside of which operating to fulfil hopes and objectives of nonviolent struggle;
 
notes
 
that the Radical Party, over twenty years after its evolution into party transnational and transparty to tackle the dramatic global challenges that increasingly arise, still represents the only political subject that anybody can join all over the world, with the only constraint of the exercise of one’s full freedom of civil conscience;
that the respect for human rights, democracy, the rule of law and the principle of legality, stated by international law, remains the objective to be achieved both in the so-called “developing” world and in developed countries;
that this is also shown by the growing difficulties of the political proposal – put forward by the party in the Tirana congress of 2002 – for the setting up of a world organisation of “Democracy” and “Democracies”;
that the breach of constitutional principles and fundamental freedoms more and more often occurs even in those Countries that have been relying upon formally democratic structures for a longer period of time:
that therefore the degeneration of democracy into “real democracy” through the constant and multi-decade violation of the principle of the rule of law and the hollowing-out of institutions, shows a lethal pathology of democratic ideals;
that this is a striking phenomenon in Italy, where the party decided to increase its commitment in the last few years so that the Country may be able to be defined as democratic and enforcing the rule of law;
that the situation of unlawfulness of the State as regards the administration of justice and the conditions of prisons is a phenomenon that does not only concern Italy alone but, as presented to the congress by Ristretti Orizzonti and described by the contributions of several participants, concerns the entire world, where over ten million people are detained and the right to justice is severely breached;
 
considers
 
amnesty a precious tool able on the one side to bring the Italian State back to the respect for the principle of legality and, on the other side, to lay the basis for a structural reform of the judicial system, in a country where nearly 10 million people are involved in pending civil and criminal proceedings;
 
confirms
 
the need to strengthen – where existing – and to create – where not in place – international jurisdictions able to enforce the respect for human, civil and political rights – historically considered as “natural” – wherever national States are not able to do so;
 
observes
 
that the crisis of Europe is first and foremost an institutional and political crisis and, as a consequence of such situation, it is also an economic and financial crisis;
that the objectives prophetically identified in 1941 in the Manifesto of Ventotene by Altiero Spinelli and Ernesto Rossi for the United States of Europe remain the only possible solution to counter the pseudo-technocratic and economicist evolution of Europe and to effectively guarantee the exercise of the individual rights of all;
that the federalist political perspective is the only suitable one to face the challenges affecting not only Europe but the entire world, starting from the necessary and urgent integration of the Euro-Mediterranean region, and the African, Asian and American Continents;
 
observes with a great deal of satisfaction
 
that several representatives of political, ethnic or religious minorities participating in the congress developed the evolution of their struggle from positions of search for national independence to autonomist-federalist positions, with the goal of not guaranteeing privileges to a minority of people but to secure rights to all;
 
considers
 
that Europe and the peoples of Africa, Asia and the Middle East have been eternally bound by trade, war and colonialism. Now that those peoples in the South of the Mediterranean acted to seek for dignity, justice and democracy, Europe has to support them, after having supported for a long time the authoritarian regimes oppressing that region for decades long; to this end, believes that Europe shall stop providing aids, trade and formal recognitions vis-à-vis those regimes not stemming from elections and that do not comply with the democratic provisions of cooperation agreements;
 
denounces
 
the risk that the insurrections involving the Middle East and Northern Africa in 2011 do not achieve the objectives of freedom and democracy, and that might be stopped or deviated by reactionary forces, by new Islamic radicalisms or by the army;
 
states
 
that after the adoption in 2007 of the epoch-making UN Resolution for the universal moratorium on death penalty, obtained after 15 years of political and institutional initiatives and of nonviolent struggles by the Radical Party and by Hands Off Cain, and after the vast majority with which the new pro-moratorium Resolution was approved in December 2010, the world is moving towards the elimination of the archaic system of death penalty, and it is now fundamental that the moratorium is concretely enforced everywhere and in any circumstance;
 
congratulates
 
for the results of the regional Conference on death penalty held in Ruanda on 13th and 14th October 2011, and the legislative and government institutions of those Countries as Mongolia, Central African Republic, Swaziland and Chad, whose representatives confirmed also during the congress the commitment in their Countries to come to the abolition or to the moratorium – also formal – of the death penalty from their systems;
 
strongly reaffirms
 
that nonviolence is the «most suitable tool to promote the achievement of fundamental human rights», as stated by the European Parliament Resolution on Human Rights in the World in 2008, and asks that such definition is followed once and for all by concrete commitments, including budget commitments, by European institutions;
 
demands once again
 
the formal assessment of the responsibilities that in March 2003 led to the war in Iraq on the basis of false information provided by the British Prime Minister Tony Blair and by the US President George W. Bush to their Members of Parliament and Peoples, to prevent the alternative of a possible peace through the exile of Saddam Hussein;
also considering that the recent statement of the Chilcot Commission in London decided that more time is needed, at least until summer 2012, to draft a report able to fully analyse the subject tackled,
 
asks
 
that the works of the Commission and the publication of the final report of the investigation are fully monitored;
 
greets
 
the setting up of the “Special rapporteur for the promotion of truth, justice and reparation” by the UN Human Rights Council on 30th September 2011, with the aim of avoiding the reiteration of situations as the one that led to the outburst of the Iraqi conflict;
 
believes
 
that the time has come in Italy as well to promote an inquiry commission on the Iraqi conflict;
 
reaffirms
 
the need to eliminate all those prohibitions that prevent individual choices not causing detriment to others, in order to make them possible, free and aware in a clear world framework of regulations, both in the field of love and affection, of freedom of scientific research and treatments, as well as the production, consumption and trade of plants and substances included in the UN Convention on drugs. Only a legal regulation of these phenomena will allow individual freedoms and fair human and economic development all over the world;
 
believes
 
it is necessary and urgent to take into consideration nonviolent actions to affirm civil conscience and disobedience against the worse liberticidal laws, and to strengthen the presence of the United Nations whenever the UN is called to tackle issues linked to arbitrary discriminations and prohibitions with no scientific and legal grounds whatsoever; 
 
identifies
 
in the phenomena of the expansion of human population and the depletion of the natural resources of our planet the two most direct causes of the humanitarian, social, political and economic crisis of the last decades;
 
deems it necessary
 
to promote project mitigating the crisis through awareness raising and public information actions, such as those promoted by the Population Media Center, in order to urgently adopt measures to “contain” world population in more limited orders of magnitude. This containment may occur with a “soft” approach – that is to say liberal and non-authoritative – through the affirmation of the fundamental right of women to make individual choices in the field of motherhood and reproductive health, as already stated, on paper, by the United Nations;

identifies the need
 
to create or strengthen tools for the transnational protection of ecosystems, including legal and market tools defending scarce natural resources;
 
denounces
 
the continuation of the practice of female genital mutilation – against which the Party leads, together with No Peace Without Justice and the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, a campaign for the adoption of a UN General Assembly Resolution for their prohibition; also denounces the terrible practice of marriages imposed to children;
 
reaffirms
 
the priority of the fight against impunity for crimes under international law, as an essential condition for peace and stability, and underscores the critical importance of ongoing work to enhance the impact and secure the legacy of international criminal justice institutions, such as the SCSL, the ICTY, ICTR and ICC;

acknowledges with deep concern
 
the data disseminated by the United Nations, according to which over one billion people (80% of which in developing Countries), that is to say one seventh of world population, are affected by disabilities, in an aging population, and believes that this social emergency, which is the subject of international treaties and conventions such as the UN Convention on disabilities, demands a concrete commitment in terms of implementation by the international community;
 
believes

that in consideration of the perpetration of attacks against the free research and knowledge the freedom of conscience and thinking, as well as against religious freedom and the freedom of speech, besides the other forms of political-ideological and dogmatic-religious obscurantism, it is urgent and necessary to make further steps towards the consolidation of the World Congress for the freedom of scientific research, promoted by the Luca Coscioni Association, as a permanent establishment of debate and initiatives for human, civil and political rights of citizens;
 
reaffirms
 
the fundamental right of each and all to language communication, without any privileges and with a huge advantage for all, hence contributing to safeguard the ecosystem of languages, a heritage of the entire humankind, and
reaffirms
 
its commitment to formally guarantee the right of all human beings to learn the International Language (called Esperanto) as a human right, recognised as such by international and European laws, besides by the transnational community and by other establishments and sources of law;
 
commits the managing bodies
 
to relaunch the project of the United States of Europe and the world federalist perspective in all regional international organisations;
 
to operate for the concrete activity of international jurisdictions or quasi-jurisdictions for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
to draft a proposal of international monitoring on the conditions of prisons and detainees;
to promote, where possible, the presence of members of the party inside of electoral monitoring missions in the Middle East and in Northern Africa;
to launch a membership campaign particularly destined to all the nonviolent liberal and democratic activists and representatives that share the objectives of the party, also through telematic devices in the regions of Northern Africa, Middle East, Asia and elsewhere, to whom the party will provide its political experience.
The Congress welcomes the request of the Associazione Radicale Certi Diritti to become the constituent subject of the party.
 
The Congress, furthermore,
thanks
 
all those that decided to join the Party during the Congress; addresses a special thanks to Radio Radicale that integrally live broadcasted the congress, and that included in its internet website the contents of the congress in seven languages.
The Congress, finally,
Addresses a pressing appeal to members, activists and supporters, to ask and urge everywhere to join the party.
 
Amendment tabled by Marina Sikora, Tonino Picula, Ermelinda Meksi, Artur Nura (accepted by the Presidency)
 
Reaffirms
 
That the wars and violence perpetrated in the Balkans have caused deep political, economic and psychological consequences which will affect for a long time the relations in this part of Europe. Regrettably the Balkans no longer draw the attention of the European Union, yet the heralded accession of those countries in the EU would help to sort out the clashes between them within the European institutions.