39° Congress of The Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnazional e Transparty. Recommendation on Sindh (Pakistan)

The Sindh Delegation is honored to present the following resolution for the approval of the 39th Congress of the Nonviolent Radical Party.

1. Floods:
The recent floods have devastated the lives and livelihoods of the people of Sindh. Suffering is immense and relief work inadequate. The governments of Pakistan and Sindh must respond to the needs of the Sindhi people in a manner appropriate to the situation of high-emergency.
a) The vast majority of Sindhis depend on subsistence farming. Land has been rendered unproductive and may remain so for many years to come. Aside from emergency assistance and shelter, the people of Sindh require support in redeveloping land, to ensure critical access to food and sustainable futures. Therefore, this congress requests
o That the government, aid agencies and the larger international community distribute aid in an equal, just manner, with priority to the most affected.
b) There is strong evidence that state condoned diversion of the Indus waters upstream has significantly exacerbated devastation in Sindh, the lowest riparian of the River Indus. Therefore, this house requests that:
o The UN, EU and other international organizations pressurize Pakistan to permit access to an independent technical team to investigate the real causes of recent floods.
o That the rebuilding of any infrastructure is undertaken in consultation and partnership with local indigenous communities, in line with just, environmental due process.
o A review of all water treaties and irrigation systems is made at upper and lower streams of the Indus, which has as its main objective the issue of sustainability and survival of the people, especially of lower riparian of the River Indus.

2. Ownership of Resources
Nature has bestowed Sindh with valuable natural resources, including oil, gas and coal. Sindh contributes more than 63% of all federal finances but receives back only about 23.5%. Poverty prevails, medical facilities are scarce and the education sector neglected. Therefore, this Congress resolves that:
a) The central government in Islamabad respects and implements the guarantees enshrined in the Constitution with regards to natural and other resources of the federating units.

3. Human Rights Violations, Political Rights and Civil Liberties
Sindhi and Baloch human rights activists are persistent victims of state oppression. Many political activists have died in police custody following torture. Therefore this house resolves:
a) That the international community supports a fact-finding mission to Pakistan to investigate human rights violations, with particular focus on Sindh and Balochistan regions.
b) That political prisoners be released with immediate effect, in line with Pakistan’s commitments to UN Treaties addressing freedom of speech and of association.

4. Rights of Women and Religious Minorities
A) Women in Pakistan face state-sponsored and society-sanctioned discrimination in the name of religion and culture. This House resolves that:
• Discriminatory laws against women be repealed with immediate effect
• Women have equal access to opportunities in education, employment and political sectors
B) Religious minorities, be they Hindus in Sindh or Ahmadis and Christians in Punjab, have persistently suffered rights violations and persecution. A massacre of more than 100 Ahmadis took place in Lahore in May 2010. Therefore, this house calls upon:
• The Pakistan government to take appropriate measure to protect the life, liberty and religious freedom of people belonging to various faiths.

5. Nuclear Weapons and Military budget
The government continues to increase its defense budget in spite of widespread absolute poverty and the recent humanitarian crisis. It currently stands at 24% of all state spending. This Congress calls upon:
a) The Pakistan government to reallocate a significant proportion of its defence budget to flood relief efforts, rehabilitation, education, health and other public services.
b) Donor agencies and countries to ensure assistance is directed only to socio-economic and cultural development.

Finally, this congress calls for an international conference to be convened under the auspices of the United Nations to discuss the right of self-determination, as enshrined in Article One of the UN Charter, with particular focus on Sindhi and Baloch people.

The following members of the Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty endorse and second the resolutions presented by Sindh Delegation and request the congress to pass it:

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